British billionaire Richard Bransonhis latest, and arguably greatest, adventure with aboard his Virgin Galactic space plane.
Hundreds of invited guests and media watched from the desert floor below at New Mexico’s Spaceport America as the double contrail drawn across the sky by carrier aircraft VMS Eve was suddenly overshadowed by a third white plume emanating from SpaceShipTwo Unity’s rocket engine. About 45 minutes after taking off, Unity detached from Eve, its motor ignited and fired for just under a minute, reaching speeds in excess of Mach 3.
Viewed from the surface, a diffuse but distinct white line could be seen rapidly painting almost perfectly vertically, pointing quite literally to the heavens.
Branson called it the “experience of a lifetime” in a staticky radio transmission from Unity as it began to glide back to Earth. The craft then returned for a picture-perfect landing near the same spot VMS Eve launched from almost exactly an hour earlier. “Welcome to the dawn of a new space age,” Branson tweeted.
VMS Eve is named for Branson’s mother, Eve, who died due to COVID-19 complications in January.
“She held on for one last victory, managing to fight off the virus, but had expended all of her energy in the process,” Branson wrote in a blog post citing her as a major inspiration and force behind his career. “She took glider lessons disguised as a boy, enlisted in the WRENS (Women’s Royal Naval Service) during World War II … she was inventive, fearless, relentless — an entrepreneur before the word existed.”
Unity made it to an altitude of about 56 miles (90 kilometers) above the surface of the Earth. Some will quibble that this is lower than the commonly accepted definition of space, which begins at a nice, even 100 kilometers (62 miles). However, the US military and NASA set the dividing line at 50 miles up (80 kilometers), so it’s all clearly a little subjective. And for the purposes of space tourism, you get to experience weightlessness and look down on our home planet set against the black void of space from either altitude.
Before taking off, Branson said he would be “looking back at our beautiful Earth and taking it all in and realizing that only 500 other people (actually it’s 570 as of Saturday) have done this.”
Also on the flight was Virgin’s chief astronaut instructor Beth Moses, the only person to have previously ridden in SpaceShipTwo’s passenger cabin, in 2019. The company’s lead operations engineer Colin Bennett was on board along with Sirisha Bandla, vice president for government affairs. Bandla tended a research experiment from the University of Florida involving plant biology’s adaptation to microgravity.
Richard Branson and Virgin Galactic: See the space dream come to life
“The VG flights offer, for the first time, the ability to actively monitor experiments during launch and the initial entry into space. This ability to study biology that experiences launch and then microgravity is, perhaps surprisingly, a radical new development,” Rob Ferl, principal investigator for the experiment and a professor of horticultural sciences, said in a statement. “Previously all experiments had to wait until the spaceship was in orbit before the experiment could be monitored.”
The two Virgin Galactic pilots at the controls of Unity were Dave Mackay and Michael Masucci, with former NASA astronaut CJ Sturckow and former NASA research pilot Kelly Latimer flying VMS Eve.
Branson has promised to “announce something very exciting to give more people a chance to become astronauts.”
Branson’s many adventure exploits include long-distance hot air balloon and trans-Atlantic sailing voyages.
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